Snapshot of the humanitarian situation in hard-to-reach areas: Adamawa and Yobe States | Nigeria (January 2022) – Nigeria


The continuing conflict in northeast Nigeria has created a complex humanitarian crisis, making parts of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states hard to reach (H2R) for humanitarian actors, limiting affected people’s access to infrastructure and basic services. To support the humanitarian response for affected populations, REACH has been conducting data collection in North East Nigeria to collect, analyze and share up-to-date information regarding multi-sectoral humanitarian needs in the region since November 2018. These H2R assessments aim to provide information on the situation of approximately one million people living in H2R areas to humanitarian service providers, including demographics, (cross)sectoral needs, access to services, displacement trends and intentions of movement. This brief report on the facilities assessed in four Local Government Areas (LGAs)* in Adamawa State (Madagali, Mubi North, Mubi South and Michika) and three LGAs in Yobe State (Geidam, Gujba and Tarmuwa ) and covers a recall period of three months.


This assessment adopts the “Domain of knowledge” methodology. The objective of this methodology is to remotely monitor the situation in H2R areas. Data was collected at the facility level, through interviews with key informants (KIs) who are either (1) newly arrived internally displaced persons (IDPs) who have left a facility H2R in the last month prior to data collection, i.e. (2) key informants. who have been in contact with a person living or having stayed in an H2R habitat in the last month (traders, migrants, family members, etc.). These key informants were selected on the basis of their recent (less than a month) and detailed knowledge of a regulation. Findings in this summary are derived from individual responses from key informants and aggregated at the LGA level. To deepen the information provided by key informants, eight focus group discussions (FGDs) were held with key informants and/or members of the displaced population, and these discussions focused on the dynamics of displacement and the severity of humanitarian needs. . The primary data collected is triangulated with secondary sources, including other REACH assessments and those conducted by other humanitarian organizations in the assessed areas.

This report presents the most recent results of data collection conducted between 17 and 31 January 2022 in three LGAs in Yobe (Geidam, Gujba and Tarmuwa) and four LGAs in Adamawa State (Madagali, Michika, Mubi North and Mubi South As the geographical coverage of this assessment is limited in scope, it is important to note that the H2R data and content of this note are only indicative and not statistically generalizable and, therefore, should be triangulated with d other sources.


The findings suggest that the over-reliance on subsistence farming, plagued by dwindling available farmland and movement restrictions that interfere with access to farmland, has left many people in settlements assessed in need of immediate food assistance. Existing food stores are reportedly often looted or stolen, leading many people to resort to wild foraging or consuming seed stocks, especially in Madagali, Michika and Mubi South in Adamawa.

Additionally, the results suggest that perceptions of deteriorating security continue to be prevalent among most people living in the assessed H2R settlements, primarily due to a perceived risk of AOG attacks and/or actual attacks in parts of Gujba and Geidam. In the settlements assessed in Adamawa, the results also indicate additional security issues posed by farmer-herder conflict in addition to AOG activities. Security concerns were found to have a profound negative influence on access to basic services and livelihoods, as well as displacement patterns, with many fearful of returning to the H2R camp after their departure.

Access to water sources, latrines or improved sanitation facilities was reportedly limited in most settlements assessed. This is supported by findings that indicate that access to available unimproved sources is difficult in most places, with people having to travel further to obtain water, reducing their consumption or using less preferred sources. The lack of adequate sanitation facilities and poor handwashing conditions, coupled with recent reports of cholera outbreaks in some of the assessed areas of Adamawa, are of particular concern, given the reported lack of access to health care. health facilities in most of the establishments assessed.

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